“Punishment is interested simply in justice; discipline is interested in the twin aspects of preparation and correction. When students are made to work hard, this is preparation for life. When a student is corrected for fooling around and wasting time, this is correction that returns the student to his preparation for life. In both cases, the purpose and function of the discipline is to prepare and correct. But with punishment, the purpose is justice. When the civil magistrate executes a murderer in obedience to the law of God, the point is not to make the murderer better. But when a son is spanked by his father, the point is the peaceful fruit of an upright life” (The Paideia of God, p. 24).
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